Wednesday, June 12, 2019

Hobbes, Augustine, Aristotle and Lockes thoughts on the idea that a Essay

Hobbes, Augustine, Aristotle and Lockes thoughts on the idea that a policy-making state is created to make people in it ingenious and virtuous - act ExampleBy design, then, Aristotle saw the city-state as a body intended to help create laws and standards that would further help individuals living in this city-state to live happy and virtuous lives.According to Hobbes, society is founded upon the principles of inwrought law, in which it is clear that the guiding principle remains to allow each individual the right to exist and to hold what is fair and inevitable for their continued survival. Because he felt that individuals were, by nature, in a constant state of war with other individuals, it was undeniably up to the political state to ensure that all people adhered to the written laws that were themselves based upon natural law. Natural law, in turn, indicated that all people had the right to exist and to acquire the indispensable materials to sustain themselves while respect ing these rights of others. Since natural man was in a constant state of war and political states were established as a means of ensuring that natural man adhered to natural law rather than war, it follows that a political state, in Hobbes view, was essentially created simply as a means of coercing people into living in tentatively agreeable, mutually beneficial states that often verged on the edge of competitive detriment.This is in keeping with the views held by Augustine, who seemed to feel that the laws of the state were more or little attempts by human leaders to coerce power from the hands of the people for their own individual benefit. While he recognized that government was essential to the favourable of a particular state, and therefore the health and well-being of its inhabitants, Augustine never lost sight of the concept that the government was formed more for the welfare of the rulers than the ruled. Thus, while it was necessary for the survival of the state and the we lfare of the people, it was also, in Augustines thoughts, a necessary evil, a part of the retribution

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